Snippets aus einem Text zu Social Media

Upload Complete – Platforms and the insourcing of the media, The Awl

Elementarer Unterschied zwischen Instagram und Snapchat auf der einen und Facebook und Twitter auf der anderen Seit: Bei Instagram und Snapchat werden eigene Inhalte geteilt, bei Facebook und Twitter i.d.R. auf fremde Inhalte verlinkt.

Andere Gedanken aus dem Text:

A feed, then, was a mixture of personal posts and pitches to look at other things. It was an endless stream of captions contextualizing a Great Big Outside. But each year the feeds got richer. The captions expanded into previews. The previews expanded into full photos, videos and posts. The remaining links underneath came to resemble vestigial metadata. This was easy to notice from the outside, from the perspective of, say, a publisher, for whom change was reflected in referrals and traffic. For users, the change happened gradually and subtly, over the course of a million consecutive pulls to refresh.

Understood from perspective of the web, the last five years have represented a sort of tragedy of the commons. The platforms grew big and strong. Websites and publishers catered to the needs of those platforms, vague worries about control and identity set aside for the necessary pursuit of audience in an unpredictable environment. Nobody did anything wrong, exactly, and it’s not clear what they should have done differently. Some publications that functioned well under the referral regime will struggle under platforms. Others might succeed, more might materialize out of the Venture Ether. Yet others will chase new things, and many more will just continue to try everything.

Daten sind das neue Öl: Hier tauchte der viel zu oft genutzte Satz das erste Mal auf

Ein Marketing-Mensch namens Clive Humby ist für die beliebte Bezeichnung verantwortlich. Damals, im November 2006:

Data is just like crude. It’s valuable, but if unrefined it cannot really be used. It has to be changed into gas, plastic, chemicals, etc to create a valuable entity that drives profitable activity; so must data be broken down, analyzed for it to have value.

Dieser Text über Terrorismus und die Medien ist auch nach 30 Jahren noch aktuell

Frühling 1981 auf Sizilien. Brian Michael Jenkins hält einen Vortrag über das Zusammenspiel von Medien und Terrorismus – und diese Grundmechanismen machen auch trotz Internet zum Großteil noch Sinn. Jenkins arbeitet für Rand, einem Think-Tank des US-Militärs.

„Terrorism is aimed at people watching.“

Das ist Jenkins zentraler Satz. Und damit das gelingt, braucht es Medien, die die Botschaft vervielfachen. Je schlimmer das Attentat, je näher es ist, desto mehr verdrängt es alle anderen Nachrichten. Wer kann sich an irgendetwas vor zwei Wochen erinnern, das nichts mit Paris zu tun hat?

„The quality of the terrorist incident determines whether or not it is covered by the news media and the amount of coverage given it. As a result of this uneven news coverage, public perceptions of terrorism are imperfect, driven not by the volume of terrorist activity but rather by a handful of spectacular actions, generally those involving hostages.“

Hostages, also Entführungen, sind für Jenkins die Art von Anschlägen, die den meisten Buzz verursachen: Niemand weiß wie es ausgeht, Menschenleben sind unmittelbar in Gefahr – und die Medien im besten Falle live dabei. „It’s genuine drama.“

Aus Sicht von Terrorgruppen argumentiert Jenkins so: Sie brauchen die Medien, um Propaganda zu verbreiten. Doch in den Nachrichten sei dann meist nur vom Attentat an sich, aber nicht von den Gründen die Rede. Das sei nicht im Interesse der Terroristen. Das ist 30 Jahre später etwas anders: Heute können sie ihre Ansichten selbst im Internet verbreiten.

Hier das pdf: The Psychological Implications of Media-Covered Terrorism, Brian Michael Jenkins, June 1981

Reading

Mein halbes digitales Leben
Wäre ich analog ein anderer Mensch geworden?

Dazu passend bei Aeon: Would you be the same individual if you were a different gender?

2015 is the year the old internet finally died
Eine weitere Analyse der Medien im Netz, bei der – seufz! – der guten, alten Zeiten gedacht wird.

Mitte der 2000er Jahre, die Zeit der Blogs:

In that economy, the readers only had power in aggregate. Get enough of them, and you’d have a site that stuck around. Get too few, and you would fade.

And the rise of social has flipped the old writer/reader balance, restoring power to the reader.

Und nun, 2015:

Now, two years after that rift, it’s become obvious that sites like the Dissolve — quirky, specialist sites that thrived in 2005 — are an endangered species in 2015.
(…)
The future belongs to the fleet, to the fast, to the instantly assembled hot take. Thoughtfulness is almost beside the point, in many cases, if you can produce something enough people will want to associate with the curation of their core beings.

Why Your Rent Is So High and Your Pay Is So Low

  • Wir befinden uns in New York
  • Gehälter und Preise für Wohnungen und Häuser entwickeln sich auseinander
  • Ältere Mittelklasse sind Immobilienbesitzer
  • Politiker haben kein Interesse, dass die Preise sinken, weil sie es sich nicht mit den vielen älteren Wählern verscherzen wollen
  • Früher gingen die meisten Kredite an Firmen, heute an Privatpersonen für Hypotheken

The fear of another financial crisis combined with the fear of angry middle-class, middle-aged voters gives politicians every reason to keep house prices from falling.

The ethics of modern web ad-blocking

Modern web ads and trackers are far over the line for many people today, and they’ve finally crossed the line for me, too. Just as when pop-ups crossed the line fifteen years ago, technical countermeasures are warranted.

Quelle: The ethics of modern web ad-blocking – Marco.org

Who’s behind „Daron Acemoglu facts“?

A few days ago I wrote about the economist Daron Acemoglu. He is some kind of superstar in the economics community. Need a proof? He has his own Chuck Norris meme – the Daron Acemoglu facts.

Four questions to the people behind the „Daron Acemoglu facts“ (DAFacts):

Why did you start the Daron Acemoglu Facts? What makes Acemoglu special?

We’re grad students at one of the top-10 U.S. schools for economics and are massive fans of Daron’s contributions to economics; DAFacts is our attempt to pay tribute via humor. We originally modeled the blog off of the well-known „Chuck Norris facts“ meme. Daron is a brilliant economist, obviously, but he’s also well-known for being an incredibly kind and humble person, which makes the outlandish boasts of DAFacts even funnier to us.

Who many persons are behind the blog?

Two of us maintain the blog and monitor the gmail account, though several other students in our program contributed to the first round of DAFacts (in Spring 2013).

What is your favorite Acemoglu meme?

It was hard for us to narrow it down! But we think our top three Facts (in no particular order) are these:

Daron Acemoglu

Daron Acemoglu facts

Daron Acemoglu facts

Who submits Facts?

Anyone can submit Facts by emailing us at daronacemoglufacts@gmail.com – some of our favorite Facts have been fan submissions! Many come from other graduate students and sometimes even economics professors. And of course we always credit the original authors if they choose to be less anonymous than us.

Eine gute Beschreibung von Artificial Intelligence beim Economist

„One way of understanding this [Artificial Intelligence] is that for humans to do things they find difficult, such as solving differential equations, they have to write a set of formal rules. Turning those rules into a program is then pretty simple. For stuff human beings find easy, though, there is no similar need for explicit rules—and trying to create them can be hard. To take one famous example, adults can distinguish pornography from non-pornography. But describing how they do so is almost impossible, as Potter Stewart, an American Supreme Court judge, discovered in 1964. Frustrated by the difficulty of coming up with a legally watertight definition, he threw up his hands and wrote that, although he could not define porn in the abstract, “I know it when I see it.”

Machine learning is a way of getting computers to know things when they see them by producing for themselves the rules their programmers cannot specify. The machines do this with heavy-duty statistical analysis of lots and lots of data.“

Das Ende des Textes:

„But for now, the best advice is to ignore the threat of computers taking over the world—and check that they are not going to take over your job first.“

aus: Rise of the machines

Wie Werbefinanzierung und Überwachung zusammenhängen: Maciej Ceglowskis Vortrag „The Internet With a Human Face“

Der Amerikaner Maciej Ceglowski erläutert den Zusammenhang zwischen Werbefinanzierung und Überwachung.

Der Amerikaner Maciej Ceglowski hat auf der „Beyond Tellerrand“-Konferenz 2014 im Vortrag „The Internet With a Human Face“ den Zusammenhang zwischen Werbefinanzierung und Überwachung erläutert. Er malt aber nicht nur den Teufel an die Wand, sondern zaubert auch ein paar Exorzismus-Vorschläge aus dem Hut.

Er beginnt so:

Marc [Thiele] emailed me a few weeks ago to ask if I thought my talk would be appropriate to close the conference.

„Marc,“ I told him, „my talk is perfect for closing the conference! The first half is this incredibly dark rant about how the Internet is alienating and inhuman, how it’s turning us all into lonely monsters.”

“But in the second half, I’ll turn it around and present my vision of an alternative future. I’ll get the audience fired up like a proper American motivational speaker. After the big finish, we’ll burst out of the conference hall into the streets of Düsseldorf, hoist the black flag, and change the world.”

Marc said that sounded fine.

As I was preparing this talk, however, I found it getting longer and longer. In the interests of time, I’m afraid I’m only going to be able to present the first half of it today.

Hier das Video:

Wer lieber liest: Ceglowski hat ein Transkript seines Vortrags online gestellt.

Lesenswertes: Tech und Vergewaltigung

Lesenswertes der letzten Tage.

Lesenswertes der letzten Tage. Mehr lesenswerte Links findest du in der gleichnamigen Kategorie Lesenswertes.

  • „Why we should be celebrating the rise of robot journalism instead of criticizing it — Tech News and Analysis – "The harsh reality is that much of what appears in newspapers and on websites is not the kind of ground-breaking, investigative or analytical content most people think of when they hear the term “journalism.” Some of it is pedestrian content about sporting events, earnings reports, news releases, calendar events, city council meetings and so on. Wouldn’t it be better if we could automate some of that and free up reporters to do other things?“
  • My own rape shows how much we get wrong about these attacks – The Washington Post – „Gin!“ I thought he said, more excitedly than he should have. Gin makes me sick.

    „That’s not really my thing“ I said. Then he pouted, comically and even adorably: „But I made it just for us.“

    So I drank it and it was a bit sharp but really delicious, like tart watermelon.“You can hardly taste the gin“ I said.

    „What gin?“ „You said there was gin.“

    He laughed. „I said G.“ He meant GHB, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, commonly known as the date-rape drug. Later came several more druggings, as he held Gatorade up to my limp lips with who-knows-what mixed in. I spent the weekend — about 60 hours — semi-conscious and didn’t leave his apartment until Monday morning. Sometimes I think I never left his apartment, that someone who merely looks and sounds like me walked out.“

  • How to build a successful newsletter: advice from Quartz – Quartz will Leser mit einem morgendlichen Newsletter an sich binden. Und wie auch die Webseite, zeigt sich der Informationsdienst per E-Mail als recht erfolgreich. Einer der Gründe:

    "Daily Briefs are distinct and friendly, “like a smart, knowledgeable friend telling you what’s going on in the world,” says Davies. That means not taking yourself too seriously. The subject line, for example, always contains a preview of what’s to come in the body of the newsletter and mentions various topics with different degrees of seriousness."

  • U.S. Tech Companies Have a Lot at Stake in Ukraine | Re/code – "Ukraine’s IT sector is impressive. As one of the country’s largest industries, IT in Ukraine is a key component of its future economic success. Today, the volume of exports of software service and development from Ukraine is about $2 billion annually. By 2012, there were more than 4,000 IT outsourcing companies in Ukraine, and the sector was growing 25 percent year over year; economists project that the $2 billion industry will grow 85 percent over the next six years."
  • Inside Shenzhen: China’s Silicon Valley – Shenzhen war meine erste Begegnung mit China: Alles modern, am Horizont ein Eifelturm und weitere westliche Sehenswürdigkeiten, das Essen schmeckt krasser als in meiner Fantasie. Die Stadt ist in 30 Jahren vom Fischerdorf zur Millionenstadt geworden. Schwerpunkt: Hardware. Der Guardian war dort.